Upstream flow contributes only a small portion of the total annual flow of the Mekong River. Most of the total flow volume is delivered to the Mekong from tributaries in the Lower Mekong Basin (see Table 1); however, the importance of upstream flow should not be underestimated as dry-season snow melt from China contributes to over 24% of the total flow.
Table 1. Proportional contributions to total Mekong River mean annual flow by river reach, distinguishing those made by the left and right bank tributary systems.
|River Reach||Left Bank (%)||Right Bank (%)||Total (%)|
|China – Chiang Saen||1||3||4|
|Chiang Saen – Luang Prabang||6||2||8|
|Luang Prabang – Vientiane||1||2||3|
|Vientiane – Nakhon Phanom||18||4||22|
|Nakhon Phanom – Mukdahan||3||1||4|
|Mukdahan – Pakse||4||6||10|
|Pakse – Kratie||22||2||24|
The flood season in the Mekong River Basin lasts from June to November and accounts for 80 to 90% of the total annual flow (MRC 2010). The annual flood season is especially important in the Lower Mekong Basin where it has shaped the environment and its inhabitants.
Many of the Mekong’s key ecosystems have developed as a result of seasonal flow fluctuations. The area’s extensive wetland habitats would not exist without the annual flood. Likewise, the life-cycles of many Mekong fish species depend on it. Fish migrate to deep pools in the mainstream to seek refuge during the dry season; later, during the flood season, they migrate back to spawning and nutrient-rich feeding grounds on floodplains.
See the Fisheries section for more information.
It has been 25 years since Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam signed on 5 April 1995 the Mekong Agreement to develop and protect the Southeast Asia’s mighty Mekong River.
The MRC has launched a social media campaign in which all nationalities can enter and stand a chance to win different prizes. The campaign, entitled Mekong 2030, aims to
The government of Japan today granted JPY 412 million or approximately US$3.9 million to the Mekong River Commission in advancing its flood and drought monitoring and forecasting functions.