Mekong Basin

The Mekong River is one of the world’s great river systems, flowing 4,909 km through six countries: China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, and Viet Nam. The source of the river’s great productivity is its seasonal variation in water level and the range of wetland habitats inundated. The Mekong River Basin’s biodiversity is immense, even in comparison with other parts of tropical Asia. Its biodiversity is fundamental to the viability of natural resource-based rural livelihoods of a population of 60 million people living in the Lower Mekong Basin.

To learn more about the Mekong River Basin, visit the sections listed below:

PhysiographyThe Mekong River Basin consists of seven broad physiographic regions featuring diverse topography, drainage patterns, and geomorphology. Learn about the form of the Mekong River channels and how they connect. more>>

ClimateThe Mekong River Basin ranges from the glaciated highlands of the Tibetan Plateau to the hot and humid lowlands of Southeast Asia and encompasses 16 distinct WWF Ecoregions. more >>

Hydrology: The source of the Mekong’s great productivity is its seasonal variation in water level, resulting in rich and extensive wetlands. The annual flood season is especially important in the Lower Mekong Basin where it has shaped the environment and life in the region. more >>

Natural Resources: The Mekong River Basin contains a wealth of natural resources, including one of the world’s largest inland fisheries. more>>

Stories from the Mekong - These regularly updated stories provide a voice to people in the Mekong Basin and can help to bring both contemporary and traditional issues to life. more>>

Latest News

Water flow in Jinghong of China to decrease, but without significant impact downstream

The outflow of water at the Jinghong hydropower station in China will gradually decrease by almost half over a seven-day period in April, according to an official notification from China’s Ministry of Water Resources being copied to the Mekong River Commi

MRC awards green campaign winners to celebrate Mekong Day, raise awareness of plastic pollution

The Mekong River Commission (MRC) today awarded winners of its green campaign to celebrate the Mekong Day anniversary and raise awareness of the danger of plastic waste in the Mekong River basin.

Statement on Prior Consultation process for Pak Lay agreed, Joint Action Plans for Pak Beng and Pak Lay approved

Vientiane, Lao PDR, 4 April 2019 — The Mekong River Commission (MRC) member countries Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam today agreed on a Statement on the prior consultation process for the proposed Pak Lay hydropower project.