Mekong IWRMP Transboundary Project Data Sheet

The five projects are:

  • Xe Bang Hieng and Nam Kam Wetland Management Project
  • Mekong and Sekong Rivers Fisheries Management Project
  • Sesan and Srepok Sub-Basins Water Resource Management Project
  • Tonle Sap Lake and Songkhla Lake Basins Communication Outreach Project
  • Mekong Delta Water Resource Management Project

 

Please select one of the coloured markers in the map to view related project details. 

 

 

Mekong and Sekong Rivers Fisheries Management Project
Countries Cambodia and Lao PDR
Project Commencement July 2014
Project Status Ongoing
Budget US$ 535,200
Description

The project aims to improve fisheries management in the bordering provinces of Stung Treng and Kratie in Cambodia and Champasak and Attapeu in Lao PDR, connected by the Mekong and Sekong Rivers. It is supporting the two countries to establish a joint fishery monitoring system and a fishery management action plan to be implemented by a joint fisheries management body. These mechanisms will address issues facing the two river basins, in particular a decline of migratory whitefish species due to exploitative fishing, deterioration of watershed and impacts from hydropower projects. These efforts will help restore fisheries resources that support food security and increased recreational fishing opportunities.  

» View Project Document

Outcome
  1. Identification of Joint Issues: to assess the status of fish population, and identify common issues and information and data needs for better management of fisheries resources in the targeted provinces.

  2. Development of Joint Coordination Mechanisms: to set up coordination mechanisms, including a joint fisheries management body, for sharing information and improving cooperation to address transboundary issues identified under Outcome 1.

  3. Development of Joint Action Plan: to layout priority coordination and management measures to implement the above mechanisms for jointly managing fisheries issues. The implementation of the plan is expected to take place after the completion of this project.

Progress

A joint fishery monitoring system with agreed methodologies is being developed, and a joint issues paper has been finalised. The project teams are moving towards drafting a joint fishery management plan for rebuilding populations of five priority whitefish species that migrate long distances to both rivers, are valuable for food security, and remain commercially important. They are also reviewing existing mechanisms for the development of a coordinated approach for jointly managing fisheries resources in project areas and beyond.

Tonle Sap Lake and Songkhla Lake Basins Communication Outreach Project
Countries Cambodia and Thailand
Project Commencement October 2014
Project Status Ongoing
Budget US$ 457,000
Description

The project aims to promote good governance of Cambodia’s Tonle Sap and Thailand’s Songkhla lakes for sustainable communities’ livelihoods, through community outreach activities and knowledge exchange between the two lakes. It bridges the sister-lake communities through a forum where people can communicate and share good practices for addressing common challenges facing both lakes, including unsustainable fishing practices, lack of income generation opportunities, and less predictable climate patterns.  In addition, the project helps strengthen institutional capacity on IWRM-based lake management and raises communities’ awareness on the importance of developing a healthy state of the natural lakes. 

» View Project Document

Outcome
  1. Improvement of Programme Management: to improve efficiency of project management by strengthening the capacity of government agencies on administrative procedures and project monitoring and evaluation.

  2. Enhancement of Lake Governance: to strengthen IWRM-based governance through knowledge sharing among government agencies, water users and other stakeholders. A report on joint learning experiences will be developed.

  3. Improvement of Resource-based Livelihoods: to support sustainable livelihoods by improving the understanding of social, economic and environmental cause-effect relationships and policy options among government agencies and community people of the two lakes.

  4. Awareness-raising of Healthy Lakes: to build understanding of the way to achieve and preserve a healthy state of the lake environment through communication initiatives. A simplified handbook describing the efforts to develop and maintain healthy lakes will be produced.

Progress

The project has strengthened the capacity of government agencies’ project management through various training workshops, and supported awareness-raising of. IWRM-based governance principles at national and community levels. Exchange visits between the two lakes have been carried out for learning and sharing of good practices on lake governance, including community-based fisheries management, women’s empowerment and climate change adaptation. A participatory video exchange initiative has been launched to facilitate peer-to-peer learning through joint video production and community video screenings. The project is moving towards producing a handbook on healthy lakes.

Sesan and Srepok Sub-Basins Water Resources Management Project
Countries Cambodia and Viet Nam
Project Commencement May 2014
Project Status Ongoing
Budget US$ 354,000
Description

The project aims to enhance transboundary dialogue, promote effective collaboration, and improve data and information sharing between Cambodia and Viet Nam on water resources management in the Sesan and Srepok sub-basins. Major issues that pressure the sub-basins include hydropower and irrigation development causing social and environmental impacts such as soil erosion, deterioration of watershed, increased flash floods and droughts and pollution, and water quality degradation. Building on the existing governments’ mechanisms, the project is assisting the two countries to institutionalise bilateral mechanisms for better management of water resources at both national and community levels.

» View Project Document

Outcome
  1. Identification of Joint Issues: to identify common water issues, information and data needs, and coordination requirements for joint management.
  2. Development of Joint Coordination Mechanisms: to establish appropriate coordination mechanisms to address issues identified under Outcome 1. 
  3. Development of Joint Action Plan: to develop a plan to implement priority coordination and joint management activities identified under Outcome 2. Its implementation is expected to take place after the completion of this project.
Progress

Key issues for water resources management have been jointly identified by Cambodia and Viet Nam, and a joint issues paper has been finalised. The issues include lack of transboundary cooperation mechanisms; limited sharing of data and information on flows of downstream, flood forecasting, flood control and warning mechanisms; and limited capacity of implementing agencies and communities. The project is moving towards discussing activities and mechanisms to address these issues.

Mekong Delta Water Resources Management Project
Countries Cambodia and Viet Nam
Project Commencement May 2014
Project Status Ongoing
Budget US$ 354,000
Description

The project aims to enhance cooperation between Cambodia and Viet Nam, improve data and information sharing mechanisms, and facilitate implementation of joint activities to promote sustainable use of shared water resources in the Mekong Delta. Joint coordination approaches are needed to address impacts of upstream development and the implications of climate change. These pressures cause floods, droughts, acid sulphate soils, and saltwater intrusion that threaten the basin’s sustainability. The transboundary project is supporting the two countries to analyse these issues and promote cooperation for development of data and information sharing mechanisms and basin monitoring strategies for harmonized water resources management and future investment in the Mekong Delta.

» View Project Document

Outcome
  1. Identification of Joint Issues: to identify common water issues, information and data needs, and coordination requirements for joint management.
  2. Development of Joint Coordination Mechanisms: to establish appropriate coordination mechanisms and activities to address issues identified under Outcome 1. 
  3. Development of Joint Action Plan: to develop a plan to implement priority coordination and joint management activities identified under Outcome 2. Its implementation is expected to take place after the completion of this project.
Progress

The project has identified common issues for water resources management and data sharing needs, and finalised a joint issues paper that lists significant transboundary issues including a lack of joint planning for better infrastructure development and a lack of coordination mechanism for date sharing and management. It is now moving towards identifying coordinated mechanisms and joint activities for improving water resources management in the Mekong Delta. 

Xe Bang Hieng and Nam Kam Wetland Management Project
Countries Lao PDR and Thailand
Project Commencement December 2013
Project Status Ongoing
Budget US$ 354,000
Description

The project aims to strengthen bilateral dialogue for knowledge sharing to improve wetland management in Lao PDR’s Xe Bang Hieng and Thailand’s Nam Kam river basins. Both basins provide a heaven for important biodiversity and ecosystems that supports the livelihoods of local populations. This makes them ideal for the exchange of knowledge and sharing experiences on water resources management. The project promotes peer-to-peer learning at national and community levels through meetings and exchange visits, and enhances IWRM-based management practices to support river basin planning, flood management, and sustainable irrigation development. It is expected to help pro-poor development and sustainable livelihoods.

» View Project Document

Outcome
  1. Establishment of local River Basin Committees: to set up community-based river basin working groups to enhance IWRM-based wetland management plans.
  2. Exchange of Experiences in Wetland Management: to conduct study visits to identify wetland management issues and learn coping strategies in Thailand’s Nong Han and Lao PDR’s Xe Champhone wetlands in the river basins. A joint report will be produced to capture lessons and recommendations for better management of the wetland resources.
  3. Exchange of Knowledge on Community Water Management: to share knowledge and information on community-based wetland management in Nam Kam and Xe Bang Hieng river basins through joint learning activities. A wetland management strategic plan or a management action plan will be developed for the selected pilot communities.
Progress

Local river basin working groups have been established, and a capacity building plan for the groups is being developed. The bilateral teams have conducted a literature review, field research and exchange visits to learn similar wetland issues on water management, natural resources utilisation and climate change adaptation, and best management practices for mutual learning and future cooperation. A joint report capturing lessons learned is being finalised. The project teams have begun joint learning activities, including the development of GIS mappings, to prepare community-based wetland management plans for selected communities.