The Mekong River Commission supports a basin-wide planning process based on principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Until the end of the Strategic Plan 2011-2015, the MRC implemented its work through 12 programmes with a wide range of thematic areas:
The programmes have been phased out and the new organisational structure is aligned by core river-basin management functions carried out by three divisions: Planning Division, Environmental Management Division, and Technical Support Division.
Core River Basin Management Functions:
Core River Basin Management Functions (CRBMF)are considered the “heart” of the MRC’s work and are performed jointly at the regional and national levels. The CRBMF are divided into five categories:
i) CRBMF 1: Data acquisition, exchange and monitoring
ii) CRBMF 2: Analysis, modelling and assessment
iii) CRBMF 3: Planning support
iv) CRBMF 4: Forecasting, warning, and emergency
v) CRBMF 5: Implementation of the five MRC Procedures
The Core River Basin Management Functions comprise the main technical work of the MRC and the three divisions will perform different combinations of these functions. They will collaborate among themselves to deliver the outcomes defined in the Strategic Plan 2016-2020. The activities related to the CRBMF will be updated every five years, when the Member Countries may determine that some are no longer necessary to continue, and may also identify additional activities that are required to fulfill the mandate of the MRC.
The Strategic Plan 2016-2020 outlines a wide range of activities linked to the five Core River Basin Management Functions .
A core river basin management financing mechanism known as the “basket fund” has replaced programme budgeting. It receives a gradual increase in member countries’ contributions annually, in addition to funding from development partners, and is overseen by a Budget Committee consisting of two representatives from each member country, the CEO of the MRC Secretariat assisted by the Chief of Finance, and two representatives from the Development Partners group.
A delegation of Chinese hydrological experts visited national Mekong committees in Cambodia and Thailand from 24 to 31 May 2017. Led by Mr Kuang Jian
The forum provided an opportunity for hydropower developers and specialists, government, research institutes, development partners and other regional and international organizations to discuss about hydropower planning and development in the Mekong Basin.
The Lower Mekong Basin is at greater risk to climate change with extreme weather events such as typhoons and heat waves and is also more vulnerable to floods and droughts that can affect people’s livelihoods and reduce agricultural productivity