Flood forecasting. Hydrological data acquisition. Modeling. The MRC is one of the key data acquisition and analysis services in the Lower Mekong Basin that thinks beyond national boundaries. Its transboundary lens on data analysis allows communities at one location on the river to better understand water trends accruing at another, even across borders.
Throughout its implementation, the Information and Knowledge Management Programme (IKMP) not only acquired data, but performed quality assurance and made it available to the public through the MRC website and the Data and Information Services Portal.
Through the MRC Information System (MRC-IS), the organisation provides ready access to environmental and socio-economic models and data in support of regional planning in the Mekong River Basin.
The IKMP processed data from each MRC programme and provided assistance in quality control and management of this content. Although the MRC programmes phased out at the end of 2015, the MRC continues this task and the data will be developed into reader-friendly content and make it publicly available.
The MRC Data and Information Services Portal supports information and knowledge management services. It provides access to quality-assured datasets from the MRC Master Catalogue. The portal is operated with the MekongInfo website, which provides a platform for sharing regional documents, news, and information on events.
The MRC's hydrological network is vast. With 17 river monitoring stations throughout the Lower Mekong Basin and two in China, the MRC reliably provides daily hydrological information during the flood season. Along the Mekong’s tributaries, the MRC works with 32 stations, equaling 49 stations in total that provides data every 15 minutes to national data centres and the MRC data terminal to better prepare communities in the event of floods and droughts. This information is accessible to the general public through the MRC portal. With new funding in 2016, the MRC plans to add eight stations along the mainstream.
In the dry season, IKMP uploads daily information in near-real-time information on descending water levels, which can be easily compared with the previous year’s levels. This helps people plan for crop irrigation, navigation accessibility and fisheries.
Modeling is one of the MRC’s most valuable tools for predicting the impact of proposed hydropower schemes on the river, heavy rainfall, drought, and climate change.
The MRC recently developed a state-of-the-art set of assessment tools known as the MRC Toolbox. The Toolbox includes a number of modelling tools that are used as inputs for analysis and projection of environmental and socio-economic impacts following changes in river system conditions. These innovative modeling tools include a hydrodynamic model, soil analysis model, water balance model, integrated water resources model and an erosion model.
The Decision Support Framework (DSF) is part of the Toolbox and serves as an important knowledge base for the LMB, containing historical and current information on of the Mekong’s environmental and socio-economic conditions.
The MRC plans to build national level capacities on how to best utilise the tool box so it can be adapted to real world projects.
For detailed information on the structure and components of the Programme, review the Information and Knowledge Management Programme Document.
France and Finland supported the Information and Knowledge Management Programme.
The government of Japan has re-affirmed its support to the Mekong River Commission in continuing activities under a project to improve irrigation facilities across the lower Mekong countries of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam, MRC CEO Pham Tuan P
In order to cement the four-year-long bilateral efforts to address cross-border fisheries issues along the Cambodia-Laos border, the two countries have agreed to formalise a bilateral fisheries management body that would oversee collaborative activities t
The Mekong River Commission (MRC) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have launched a joint study on forest conservation and river basin management in the lower Mekong basin as part of their effort to better manage and conserve the environme