Climate change is no longer just a threat in the Lower Mekong Basin. Its impact is present and is affecting the livelihoods of millions that rely on the river’s natural resources.
Changes in temperature, rainfall, river flow and flooding as a result of climate change affect agriculture and fisheries and, as a result, reduce food security, especially for the poor. Additionally, a predicted rise in sea level will increase salinity and floods in the Mekong Delta, causing damage to crops in the most productive area of the basin.
The Mekong River Commission works to determine, with greater certainty, the impacts of climate change, and how the organisation can help Mekong countries better adapt to these changes. Its Climate Change and Adaptation Initiative (CCAI) is a collaborative effort among MRC Member Countries – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam, to demonstrate and share adaptation strategies. With its emphasis on a basin-wide approach, the Initiative ensures that climate change adaptation is harmonised with effective strategies, plans at various levels and is applied at priority locations throughout the basin.